East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society

November 13, 2017
by xuhaitong
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East Asia Workshop: 11/14 Haichao Wu, “Born-Global: Why Small Firms Love International Trade”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

 

“Born-Global: Why Small Firms Love International Trade”

 

Haichao Wu

MAPSS Student

University of Chicago

 

4:30-6:00p.m., Tuesday, November 14th, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be provided*

 

Abstract

International business is often considered a game for large multinational corporations (MNCs); in general, we expect that small businesses will be unproductive, focus on the domestic market, and oppose the trade liberalization measures that MNCs find so attractive. New survey data challenges this conventional wisdom by demonstrating that out of 552 Chinese firms interviewed, the smaller companies actually support international trade as strongly as their larger and foreign counterparts. This paper argues that China’s position on the global technology ladder and its domestic economic institutions have encouraged small firms to welcome trade liberalization with its attendant increase in technology transfer and export dependence on the part of these firms. A comparative case study of structured interviews with 36 small Chinese firms confirms the hypothesis. Finally, this paper assesses the robustness of my theory by examining four alternative explanations for this unexpected support of international trade: economic prosperity, trade policy-making processes, the degree of higher education attained by firm managers, and the “liberal” constraints imposed by international organizations.

*To learn more about the workshop, please visit our workshop website: http://cas.uchicago.edu/workshops/eastasia/

*Subscribe or unsubscribe to the workshop mailing-list at: https://lists.uchicago.edu/web/info/east-asia

*Questions and concerns can be addressed to the student coordinator Haitong Xu (xuhaitong@uchciago.edu) and Yang Xiang (xiangalan@uchicago.edu)

 

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), xisong@uchicago.edu

Dali Yang (Political Science), daliyang@uchicago.edu

Dingxin Zhao (Sociology), dzhao@uchicago.edu

 

The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

October 30, 2017
by xuhaitong
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East Asia Workshop: 10/31, Wenyan Deng, “Threats from Within Assessing the Diversionary Escalation Theory”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

 

“Threats from Within Assessing the Diversionary Escalation Theory”

 

Wenyan Deng

Data Manager

University of Chicago

 

4:30-6:00p.m., Tuesday, October 31st, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be provided*

 

Abstract

The diversionary war theory suggests that leaders respond to domestic unrest by escalating tensions abroad. Past research suggests that territorial issues provide the easiest diversionary channel. Along these lines, China analysts such as Howard French have speculated that the country’s more escalatory maritime territorial behaviors in recent years are responses to its slowing economic growth. However, other scholars, such as M. Taylor Fravel, have contended that, historically, the PRC undertakes territorial escalation in response to changes in its relative claim power, rather than domestic crises. This article makes two contributions to this debate between a state-level and a domestic level theory of escalation. First, it analyzes the PRC’s maritime territorial and homeland disputes since 2002 and argues that, in the past two decades, the PRC has been more likely to use force when other claimants have become less aggressive. This observation in the PRC’s maritime territorial behavior contradicts Fravel’s state level, claim power-based escalation theory, which seems to apply more accurately to the PRC’s Cold War-era frontier disputes. Second, this paper offers a corrective mechanism to the traditional diversionary war theory, which posits that internal unrest and external aggression have a linear positive relationship. Instead, I argue that, at low levels of internal unrest, authoritarian states are also likely to increase territorial aggressiveness, because autocratic governments facing low internal unrest and enjoying strong control over their society are confident and likely to pursue external territorial goals more aggressively. Consistent with this mechanism’s predictions, the paper shows that, in both periods with very low and very high internal unrest, the PRC government has been more likely to escalate territorial tensions.

*To learn more about the workshop, please visit our workshop website: http://cas.uchicago.edu/workshops/eastasia/

*Subscribe or unsubscribe to the workshop mailing-list at: https://lists.uchicago.edu/web/info/east-asia

*Questions and concerns can be addressed to the student coordinator Haitong Xu (xuhaitong@uchciago.edu) and Yang Xiang (xiangalan@uchicago.edu)

 

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), xisong@uchicago.edu

Dali Yang (Political Science), daliyang@uchicago.edu

Dingxin Zhao (Sociology), dzhao@uchicago.edu

 

The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

 

 

October 23, 2017
by xuhaitong
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East Asia Workshop: 10/27, Scott Relyea: “‘A Fence on Which We Can Rely’: Asserting Sovereignty in Early Twentieth Century Southwest China”

Scott Relyea

Assistant Professor, Appalachian State University

 

‘A Fence on Which We Can Rely’: Asserting Sovereignty in Early Twentieth Century Southwest China

 

Friday, October 27th, 4:00-6:00 PM

John Hope Franklin Room [SSR 224]

**Please note the date and location for this session**

 

Discussant: Tian Yuan, PhD Student, University of Chicago History Department

 

Professor Scott Relyea will be presenting one of his current works-in-progress titled “Indigenizing International Law in Early Twentieth Century China: Sovereignty in the Sino-Tibetan Borderland,” Professor Relyea provides the following abstract:

 

This paper analyses the introduction of international law into China during the Qing Dynasty’s last decades and the first few years of the Republic of China. It explores the influence of two international law texts, the translation Wanguo gongfa (The Public Law of All States), published in Beijing in 1864, and perhaps the first indigenously written international law text in China, Gongfa daoyuan (The Origins of International Law), published in Chengdu around 1899. Building on scholarship exploring the global circulation of knowledge, which focuses largely on political and intellectual centres, this research offers an alternative perspective from the borderlands of Asia, from the interstices of global power where states and empires met and were transformed by the norms and principles of international law, especially territoriality and sovereignty. I argue that local Qing officials overseeing the Kham borderland of eastern Tibet during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries adopted the conceptual basis of international law, whereas central Qing government officials were slow to do so. It was in such contentious borderlands that theoretical claims to sovereignty under international law intersected with the actual exercise of authority, where Sichuan Province officials, influenced by these two texts, adapted the norm of territorial sovereignty to both exert and assert absolute Qing authority in Kham as a stepping stone toward the whole of Tibet. During these tumultuous years in China’s transition from imperial to state form, the actions and successes of these borderland officials in Kham fostered a more thorough adoption and application of international law principles by central government officials, especially during the first years of the Republic of China. This manifest in Republican Chinese negotiators referring to these actions in Kham as substantiation for appeal to the international law principle of ‘effective occupation’ at the Simla Conference (1913-14).

 

Professor Relyea’s paper can be found at the EAT Histories Website. The password is “simlafence”

 

As always, first-time attendees are welcome. Light refreshments and snacks will be served. This event is co-sponsored by the East Asia: Transregional Histories Workshop and the East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society.

 

October 12, 2017
by xuhaitong
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East Asia Workshop: Oct. 17th, Thomas Telhelm, “The Rice Theory of Culture: Evidence that Historical Rice Farming Shaped Culture in Southern China”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

 

“The Rice Theory of Culture: Evidence that Historical Rice Farming Shaped Culture in Southern China

 

Thomas Telhelm

Assistant Professor of Behavioral Science

University of Chicago

 

4:30-6:00p.m., Tuesday, October 17th, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be provided*

 

Abstract

Cross-cultural psychologists have mostly contrasted Asia with the West. In this talk, the speaker will give evidence that there are significant cultural differences within China and within India. By testing 1,162 Han Chinese participants in six sites, the author found that people in southern China are more interdependent and holistic-thinking than people in the north. The author proposes that rice farming’s irrigation and high labor requirements gave southern China a tight, interdependent culture. In contrast, traditional wheat farming required less labor and less coordination, giving northern China a more free-wheeling independent culture. A separate study in India also revealed differences between traditional rice-farming and wheat-farming areas.

 

About the speaker

Thomas Talhelm studies how culture affects the way we behave. One of his recent major projects was studying how rice and wheat agriculture have given northern and southern China two very different cultures. His research has appeared in a variety of publications including Science, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, and Current Directions in Psychological Science.

Thomas lived in China for five years teaching high school in Guangzhou as a Princeton in Asia fellow, as a freelance journalist in Beijing, and most recently as a Fulbright scholar and an NSF Graduate Research Fellow. While living in Beijing, Thomas founded Smart Air, a social enterprise that ships low-cost air purifiers to help people breathe clean air without shelling out thousands of dollars for expensive purifiers.

Thomas earned his Ph.D. in social psychology from the University of Virginia and a B.A. with Highest Honors in psychology and Spanish from the University of Michigan.

 

*To learn more about the workshop, please visit our workshop website: http://cas.uchicago.edu/workshops/eastasia/

*Subscribe or unsubscribe to the workshop mailing-list at: https://lists.uchicago.edu/web/info/east-asia

*Questions and concerns can be addressed to the student coordinator Haitong Xu (xuhaitong@uchciago.edu) and Yang Xiang (xiangalan@uchicago.edu)

 

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), xisong@uchicago.edu

Dali Yang (Political Science), daliyang@uchicago.edu

Dingxin Zhao (Sociology), dzhao@uchicago.edu

 

The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

October 12, 2017
by xuhaitong
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East Asia Workshop: Oct. 3rd, Xunchao Zhang, “Authoritarian Hawks: Authoritarianism as Microfoundations for Hawkish Foreign Policy Preferences in China”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

 

Authoritarian Hawks: Authoritarianism as Microfoundations for Hawkish Foreign Policy Preferences in China”

 

Xunchao Zhang

Analyst at Program on Political Violence (PPV) at CPOST

University of Chicago

 

4:30-6:00p.m., Tuesday, October 3rd, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be provided*

 

Abstract

Who are the foreign policy hawks in China? Existing literature focuses on nationalism as an explanation for popular hawkishness. However, recent empirical examination of survey data has challenged the notion of rising nationalism as a source of Chinese hawkishness. Drawing on political psychology literature, I seek to explain the hawkish preferences of ordinary Chinese citizens as the consequence of a popular illiberal authoritarian ideology, rather than nationalism. There is scant literature examining the political manifestations of authoritarian dispositions in the foreign policy domain, and moreover, international relations (IR) researchers have paid more attention to authoritarian regimes as opposed to individuals who subscribe to authoritarian ideology. Hence, this paper is an attempt to bridge the authoritarian personality literature and the IR study of hawkishness. Using data generated by a large-scale opt-in survey as well as an original causal mediation experiment fielded in China, I argue that individual foreign policy hawkishness is a result of externalization of domestic authoritarianism political values, particularly collectivism and punitiveness

.

 

*To learn more about the workshop, please visit our workshop website: http://cas.uchicago.edu/workshops/eastasia/

*Subscribe or unsubscribe to the workshop mailing-list at: https://lists.uchicago.edu/web/info/east-asia

*Questions and concerns can be addressed to the student coordinator Haitong Xu (xuhaitong@uchciago.edu) and Yang Xiang (xiangalan@uchicago.edu)

 

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), xisong@uchicago.edu

Dali Yang (Political Science), daliyang@uchicago.edu

Dingxin Zhao (Sociology), dzhao@uchicago.edu

 

The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

October 12, 2017
by xuhaitong
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East Asia Workshop: Autumn 2017 Workshop Schedule

EAST ASIA WORKSHOP: POLITICS, ECONOMY & SOCIETY

Autumn 2017 Workshop Schedule

 

October 3

“Authoritarianism as Microfoundations for Hawkish Foreign Policy Preferences in China”

Xunchao Zhang

Analyst at Program on Political Violence (PPV) at CPOST

University of Chicago

 

October 17

“The rice theory of culture: Evidence historical rice farming shaped culture in southern China”

Thomas Telhelm

Assistant Professor of Behavioral Science

University of Chicago

 

October 27

“A Fence on which We can Rely: Asserting Sovereignty in Early Twentieth Century Southwest China”

Collaborate Event with the East Asia: Transregional Histories Workshop

Scott Relyea

Assistant Professor, Department of History

Appalachian State University

 

October 31

“Threats from Within Assessing the Diversionary Escalation Theory”

Wenyan Deng

Data Manager

University of Chicago

 

November 14

“Born-Global: Why Small Firms Love International Trade”

Wu Haichao

MAPSS Student

University of Chicago

 

November 28

“Biding Seats for High School Admissions In China”

Congyi Zhou & Tong Wang

PhD of the Harris School of Public Policy

University of Chicago

 

Unless otherwise stated, the East Asia Workshop meets on Every Other Tuesday 4:30-6pm at Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Avenue. This workshop features interdisciplinary scholarship addressing topics relating to social, political, economic as well as cultural matters and issues in East Asia. Our presenters come from various disciplines such as sociology, political science, economics, anthropology, history, etc. The goal of this workshop is to foster communication and collaboration among students and scholars whose interest lies in East Asia at the University of Chicago and in the wider East Asian Studies community.

 

* Abstract or description of each presentation will be posted on our website: http://cas.uchicago.edu/workshops/eastasia

* Questions and comments can be addressed to the student coordinators Haitong Xu: xuhaitong@uchicago.edu and Yang Xiang: xiangalan@uchicago.edu

* Subscribe or unsubscribe to our workshop mailing-list at: https://lists.uchicago.edu/web/info/east-asia

 

Faculty Sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), xisong@uchicago.edu

Dali Yang (Political Science), daliyang@uchicago.edu

Dingxin Zhao (Sociology), dzhao@uchicago.edu

 

The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

May 23, 2017
by yxz
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May 30, In Hyee Hwang, “Perceived Threat and Welfare Distribution in Rural China”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents
 

 Perceived Threat and Welfare Distribution in Rural China”

 
In Hyee Hwang
PhD candidate, Department of Political Science
University of Chicago
 
4:30-6:00 p.m., Tuesday, May 30, 2017
Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.
*Light refreshments will be served*
Abstract
During the past decade, China has experienced an expansion of social welfare benefits in the absence of political reform. However, despite the rapid development of social welfare policies, access to such welfare benefits still vary widely between, as well as within provinces in China. What explains this disparity in the provision of welfare benefits? Who receives benefits to welfare, when, and how in China? 
Existing theories on welfare state development have focused on the effects of industrialism, democratization, class struggle, and varieties of capitalism. However, I argue that the Chinese Communist Party has implemented specific social policies against perceived threats in order to secure regime stability and survival. I test this argument by using 2008 individual-level survey data on land expropriation and in-depth interviews of local officials, village cadres, land developers, and villagers. I find that the expansion of rural pension benefits is closely associated with the local governments’ perception of threat to social stability. In close-knit rural areas with high levels of interpersonal exchange, the perception of threat depends on the target of the collective action more than its magnitude; to whom public demands were made affects perceptions of threat more than the number of participants involved in collective claim-making. Individuals in communities with a history of collective incidents are also more likely to receive pension benefits. 
About the Speaker
In Hyee Hwang is a PhD Candidate in the Political Science Department at the University of Chicago. Her research interests focus on welfare state development, authoritarian redistribution, and comparative studies on East Asian Politics.
*To learn more about the workshop and see the full Spring 2017 schedule, please visit: Spring Schedule
Faculty sponsors:
Xi Song (Sociology),  Dali Yang (Political Science),  and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)

The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

May 8, 2017
by yxz
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May 16, Di Zhou, “How Chinese new immigrants become Trump supporters? Revisiting theories of political resocialization in the context of 2016 Presidential Election on Zhihu (the “Chinese Quora”)”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

 

 How Chinese new immigrants become Trump supporters?  

Revisiting theories of political resocialization in the context of 2016 Presidential Election on Zhihu (the “Chinese Quora”)

 

Di Zhou

MAPSS student, Social Science Division

University of Chicago

4:30-6:00 p.m., Tuesday, March 16, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Abstract

How do first-generation immigrants and migrants adapt to a new political environment, learn to form political ideas, and participate in politics? How could a group of new immigrants and migrants become passionate Trump supporters despite Trump’s blatant anti-immigration messages? Answers to these questions require a revisit to current scholarship on political resocialization for new immigrants. The case in spotlight, the Chinese Trump supporters in the U.S., is a vivid example of how prior political knowledge can interact with exposures to both the U.S. mainstream media and an ethnic social network – Zhihu (the “Chinese Quora”). In this thesis project, I interviewed Trump supporters (and those debated with them) who are foreign-born Chinese immigrants (now U.S. citizens or green card holders) and migrants (with working or student visas). Their recent relocation from China to the U.S. and their active political expression during the 2016 general election provides a great chance to study the interactive effect between one’s prior political knowledge and their exposure to different information sources as they are embedded in multiple physical and virtual social networks.

In the workshop, I will engage with studies on new immigrants in the U.S., theories of political resocialization and studies on political communication, and present preliminary findings on 32 interviews with Chinese new immigrants and migrants who were involved in the online debate about the 2016 Presidential Election on Zhihu.

About the Speaker

Di Zhou is a MAPSS student concentrated in Sociology at the University of Chicago. She is interested in political sociology, political socialization and digital communication.

*To see the full Spring 2017 schedule, please visit: Spring schedule

 

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), Dali Yang (Political Science), and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

 

 

April 24, 2017
by yxz
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May 2, Elena Obukhova, “Switching sides: Market transition and job-referring in China”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

 

 “Switching sides: Market transition and job-referring in China”

 

Elena Obukhova

Assistant Professor, Desautels Faculty of Management

McGill University

4:30-6:00 p.m., Tuesday, May 2, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Abstract

The existing research on referrers, or those who pass of information about job opportunities to potential job-seekers, poses an important question: when do referrers refer in the interests of their employer (the demand side) as opposed to the interests of their family and friends (the supply side)?  To answer this question we examine how market development shapes job-referring behavior.  Using a large-scale nationally representative dataset with a unique module on job-referring behavior, we show that the transition from a planned to a market economy in China is associated with a decline in job-referring in the interests of family and friends.  Additional analyses reveal that the development of formal labor market intermediaries that act as substitutes for job-referrals is one mechanism that accounts for this decline.  Our results have implications for our understanding of a) conflicting roles of job-referrers and b) labor market networks in transition economies.

About the Speaker

Elena Obukhova is an Assistant Professor in Strategy and Organization at the Desautels Faculty of Management of McGill University. Her research investigates when and how social networks benefit individuals and organizations, with a particular focus on China. Her studies tackle these questions by developing unique datasets primarily through the use of survey methods. Professor Obukhova was trained as an economic sociologist at the University of Chicago. Her work has appeared in American Journal of Sociology, Management Science, Social Forces, and other journals. She is a recipient of Fullbright-Hays Fellowship from the U.S. Department of Education and two Fellowships from the Social Science Research Council. A native of Russia, Professor Obukhova is professionally fluent in Mandarin and has been conducting research in China since 1995. At McGill, she is a co-organizer of Social Networks Working Group.

* To learn more about the workshop and see the full Spring 2017 schedule, please visit: Spring Schedule

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), Dali Yang(Political Science) and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

 

 

April 19, 2017
by yxz
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April 25, Ian Johnson, “The Souls of China: The Return of Religion After Mao”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

in partnership with The Seminary Co-op Bookstores

 “The Souls of China: The Return of Religion After Mao”

Ian Johnson

Pulitzer-Prize Winning Writer

Accredited China correspondent for The New York Times

6:00-7:30 p.m., Tuesday, April 25, 2017

Seminary Co-op Bookstore, 5751 S. Woodlawn Ave.

About the Book

The Souls of China: The Return of Religion After Mao (Pantheon/Knopf in the US and Penguin in the UK, both on April 11, 2017) tells the story of one of the world’s great spiritual revivals. Following a century of violent anti-religious campaigns, China is now filled with new temples, churches and mosques–as well as cults, sects and politicians trying to harness religion for their own ends. Driving this explosion of faith is uncertainty–over what it means to be Chinese, and how to live an ethical life in a country that discarded traditional morality a century ago and is still searching for new guideposts.

About the Author

Ian Johnson is a Pulitzer-Prize winning writer focusing on society, religion, and history. He works out of Beijing and Berlin, where he also teaches and advises academic journals and think tanks.

* To see the full Spring 2017 schedule, please visit: Spring Schedule

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology),  Dali Yang (Political Science),  and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

 

 

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