East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society

January 23, 2013
by lelin2010
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January 29 Workshop

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society Presents

 

                                           “Going Underground:

The Origins of Participatory Democracy and Elite Transformism

In East Asia and Latin America”

 

                                          Presenter: Cheol-Sung Lee

Assistant Professor in Sociology

University of Chicago

 

4:00-5:30pm, Tuesday

January 29, 2013

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

 

 

Abstract

This study explores how different forms of civic solidarity emerge during authoritarian eras, and how they evolve into diverse labor-based political institutions after transitions to democracy. We initially explore the modes of choices that radical intellectuals make – go-underground or cooperate – in their responses to coercion and co-optation by authoritarian elites. Based on comparative historical evidence of institutionalization processes of labor-based politics in four recently democratized developing countries, we identify three types of solidarity and one absence case, each reflecting a different combination of strengths and divisions in the informal civil society of its respective nation: participatory solidarity, top-down solidarity, clique-based solidarity, and co-optation (no solidarity). A strong bottom-up mobilization of workers based on religious communities inBrazilbrought in the participatory governance movements led by the Workers’ Party. Top-down solidarity in South Korea initiated by leftist intellectuals’ crusades into local factories developed into a narrowly labor-based, ideologically factionalized mass-bureaucratic party, although one well-embedded in numerous progressive civic associations. In contrast, Argentine Peronists’ re-embedding strategy into their own cliques set forth a strong clientelistic patronage party, disconnected from non-Peronist informal civic communities. Finally, Taiwanese intellectuals and union leaders were unable to build independent labor party institutions, as their predecessors were gradually co-opted into the existing party structure. This study shows that radical intellectuals’ early actions play critical roles in the evolution or devolution of institutionalization of different forms of labor politics during the democratic consolidation.

 

Workshop website: http://cas.uchicago.edu/workshops/eastasia/

Student coordinator: Le Lin (lelin2010@uchicago.edu)

Faculty sponsors: Dali Yang, Dingxin Zhao and Zheng Michael Song

 

This presentation is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences and Center for East Asian Studies. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

January 8, 2013
by lelin2010
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January 15 Workshop

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society Presents

 

“Isomorphic Pressures, Epistemic Communities and

State-NGO Collaboration in China”

 

Presenter: Reza Hasmath

Lecturer in Chinese Politics

University of Oxford

  

4:00-5:30pm, Tuesday

January 15, 2012

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

 

Abstract

This talk suggests that a lack of meaningful collaboration between the state and NGOs in China is not necessarily a result of a state that is seeking to restrict the development of the sector, or a fear of a potential opposing actor to the state. Instead, interviews with NGOs in Beijing and Shanghai suggest that a lack of meaningful collaboration between the state and NGOs can be partially attributed to isomorphic pressures within state-NGO relations, and insufficient epistemic awareness of NGO activities and their utility on the part of the state. In fact, the evidence suggests that once epistemic awareness is achieved by the state, they will have a stronger desire to work with NGOs – with the caveat that the state will seek to utilize the material power of NGOs rather than their symbolic, interpretive or geographical capital.

 

Workshop website: http://cas.uchicago.edu/workshops/eastasia/

Student coordinator: Le Lin (lelin2010@uchicago.edu)

Faculty sponsors: Dali Yang, Dingxin Zhao and Zheng Michael Song

 

This presentation is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences and Center for East Asian Studies. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

January 8, 2013
by lelin2010
0 comments

Winter 2013 Schedule

January 15

 “Isomorphic Pressures, Epistemic Communities

and State-NGO Collaboration in China”

  Reza Hasmath

     Lecturer in Chinese Politics,University of Oxford

January 29

 “Going Underground: The Origins of Participatory Democracy

and Elite Transformism In Argentina, Brazil, South Korea and Taiwan”

 Cheol-Sung Lee

    Assistant Professor in Sociology,University of Chicago

February 12

TBA

February 26

 “Mobilization and New Media:

       The Case of ‘Naked Against Domestic Violence’ Weibo Activism in China”

  Ling Han

         PhD Candidate in Sociology,University of California,San Diego

March 12

        “The Effects of Maternal Employment on Childhood Obesity in Korea:

      Evidence from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey”

Haena Lee

    PhD Student in Sociology,University of Chicago

    The workshop meets on alternate Tuesdays 4:00-5:30pm at Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Avenue. Abstracts are available on our website: http://cas.uchicago.edu/workshops/eastasia/. Questions and comments should be addressed to the coordinator Le Lin: lelin2010@uchicago.edu

 Faculty Sponsors:

Dali Yang (Political Science), daliyang@uchicago.edu

Dingxin Zhao (Sociology), dzhao@uchicago.edu

Zheng Michael Song (Booth School of Business), Zheng.Song@chicagobooth.edu

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