January 17, Le Lin, “Capitalism Out of the Shadow: Double Ambiguity and the Privatization and Marketization of China’s Education and Training Industry”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

Capitalism Out of the Shadow: Double Ambiguity and the Privatization and Marketization of China’s Education and Training Industry”

Le Lin

PhD Candidate, Department of Sociology

University of Copenhagen

4:30-6:00p.m., Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Abstract

This article presents a novel bottom-up development trajectory of China’s private economy by drawing on the education and training industry (ETI) and other doubly ambiguous industries. Organizations in these industries used to be ambiguous both in terms of whether they were private and whether they were for-profit. Based on primary data on eight organizations and secondary data on an additional twelve, I explore why and how prototypical private enterprises thrived in the ETI, despite systematic restrictions placed on private ownership and for-profit activities in this industry by the Chinese state. Specifically, why did a particular model of prototypical private enterprises that was more deviant from state regulations and informal cooperation norms than other models become dominant? I found that the ETI relied on the state and the second economy for resources and organizational repertoires. Private entrepreneurs in the ETI blended elements of these two divergent sources into new and deviant practices. I argue that the more deviant model not only benefited from the structural condition of double ambiguity, but their deviant practices were made more effective and less likely to be sanctioned under such condition. In ambiguous social spaces, norm deviance is the primary engine for initial capitalistic development. As prototypical private enterprises outcompeted state-affiliated and other less deviant enterprises, they became rule-makers and pushed the marketization and privatization of the industry from below. My study has important implications for the origins and size of China’s private sector, the role of the sate in market transition and organizational theories.

About the Speaker

Le Lin is a PhD Candidate in Sociology and the William Rainey Harper Provost Fellow at the University of Chicago. His research interests include formal and complex organizations, economic sociology, work and occupations, education and contemporary Chinese society. Specifically, he studies why transitional economies’ organizational fields, such as education and medicine that used to be the epitome of the socialist welfare system and that have been tightly controlled by the state, have become privatized and marketized. Currently, he is working on his dissertation that examines how China’s education and training industry grows out of the state’s resources, tight regulations and the second economy’s organizational repertoires. He holds a B.A. in Economics from Zhejiang University, an M.A. in Education from Columbia University (Teachers College) and an M.A. in Sociology from the University of Chicago.

*To see the full Winter 2017 schedule: Winter Schedule

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), Dali Yang (Political Science), and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

 

 

January 10, Peter Bang, “Between China and Rome: The challenge of pre-colonial world history”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

“Between China and Rome: The challenge of pre-colonial world history

Peter Fibiger Bang

Professor, The Saxo Institute

University of Copenhagen

Discussant: Kenneth Pomeranz

University Professor, Department of History

University of Chicago

4:30-6:00p.m., Tuesday, January 10, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Abstract

This paper explores alternative frameworks for a pre-colonial world history, in other words it sets out in search of a conceptualisation for a time before the world became Eurocentric and subject to the rule of European states. Most recent attempts while seeking to overcome the latent eurocentrism of previous world history, nevertheless end up reproducing the chronology, patterns and models developed for Europe. So scholarship invests in categories such as early modernity or the middle ages and try to expand them to reach global coverage. But, both the Chinese and the Roman experience, suggest a radically different take on this challenge: universal empire may serve as one very significant category under which to subsume much of pre-colonial Eurasian history.

About the Speaker

Professor Peter Fibiger Bang is a comparative historian. His research is situated at the interface of ancient and world history. It is focused on exploring historical comparisons between the Roman and other pre-colonial land-empires. His primary fields of research include the Roman Empire, imperialism in world history, the ancient economy, and global and comparative history. Prof. Bang got his PhD at University of Cambridge and is now teaching at the University of Copenhagen.

*To see the full Winter 2017 schedule: Winter Schedule

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), Dali Yang (Political Science), and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

Winter 2017 Schedule

EAST ASIA WORKSHOP: POLITICS, ECONOMY & SOCIETY

Winter 2017 Workshop Schedule

 

January 10

“Between China and Rome: The challenge of pre-colonial world history”

Peter Fibiger Bang

Professor, The Saxo Institute

University of Copenhagen

Discussant: Kenneth Pomeranz

University Professor, Department of History

University of Chicago

 

January 17

“Capitalism Out of the Shadow: Double ambiguity and the thriving of private enterprises in China’s education and training industry”

Le Lin

PhD Candidate, Department of Sociology

University of Chicago

 

January 24

“Politics beyond the ocean: knowledge production of U.S. presidential election in a Chinese Q&A community”

Linzhuo Li

PhD student, Department of Sociology

University of Chicago

 

February 7

“Authoritarian Gridlock? Haste and Delay in the Chinese Legislative System.”

Rory Truex

Professor, Department of Politics

University of Princeton

 

February 21

“Social Change of the Longue Duree: A theory and its application”

Dingxin Zhao

Max Palevsky Professor, Department of Sociology

University of Chicago

 

March 7

“Continuity and Change of Authority Structures: Indigenous Party Identification in Taiwan”

Wanzi Lu

PhD student, Department of Sociology

University of Chicago

Unless otherwise stated, the East Asia Workshop meets on alternate Tuesdays 4:30-6pm at Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Avenue. This workshop features interdisciplinary scholarship addressing topics relating to social, political, economic and cultural matters in East Asia. Our presenters come from different disciplines like sociology, political science, economics, history, and so on.

Faculty Sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), Dali Yang (Political Science), and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.