PhD Candidate, Comparative Literature and East Asian Languages and Civilizations
“The Theater of Kingship: Spatial Politics, Theatricality, and the Symbolic Universe of the Emperor System in the Cultural Anthropology of Yamaguchi Masao”
Time: Friday, April 29, 3-5pm CT
Zoom Registration Link:
Left: Yamaguchi Masao’s caricature of himself as scholar-harlequin; right: Yamanote-sen event invitation
Abstract: The cultural anthropologist Yamaguchi Masao (1931–2013) has received no extended critical treatment of his work in English, despite his uniquely intense participation in transnational scholarly discourses and his importance for not just anthropology but contemporary theory in Japan. Reading across Yamaguchi’s largely untranslated Japanese and French writings from the 1970s and 1980s with an attention to his theorizations of kingship and theatricality, this essay embeds Yamaguchi’s critique of kingship historically and intellectually by situating it within contemporaneous debates around structuralisms, sovereignty, and the emperor system. It contends that considering Yamaguchi’s work on kingship together with theatricality reveals a bidirectional mechanism through which kingship consolidates its totality—or, in what Yamaguchi terms by way of Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann, its “symbolic universe.” In one direction, this mechanism allows kingship to cement its relation to the periphery on a symbolic level without tainting itself by the association; in the other, the periphery is made to identify with kingship and be hailed into its worldview despite the gap in their positionality. Yet for all their attention to such theatrical mechanisms and the mediating and liminal aspects of theatricality, Yamaguchi’s writings elide the embodied and aesthetic elements that produce theatrical performance’s medium specificity, with significant implications for not only Yamaguchi’s readings of specific plays (here, namely, the nō Semimaru) but also his excavations of kingship. Departing from this lacuna, the coda of this essay gestures toward how Yamaguchi’s work might contribute to more recent debates around sovereignty by way of Catherine Malabou’s reexamination of biopolitics.
Presenter: Anthony Stott is a PhD candidate in Comparative Literature and East Asian Languages and Civilizations. His dissertation considers interdisciplinary formations around two preeminent Japanese-language journals, Critical Space and Hermes, through the lens of critique and its limits.
Discussant: Jue Hou is a joint degree PhD Candidate in Social Thought and Comparative Literature at the University of Chicago. His research focuses on East Asian and European literary modernisms and modernity. He is writing a dissertation on the “I-novel” and global confessional literature with a focus on the period between the late 1920s and the early postwar years.
PhD Candidate, East Asian Languages and Civilizations, University of Chicago
Time: Friday, April 15, 3-5pm CT
Zoom Registration Link: https://uchicago.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJAtce2rrTovHN3QFXUtmrA4xp6cOQa4y4-n
Abstract: This chapter examines a set of “game texts” around a central figure, the early Qing literati Zhang Chao 張潮 (1650-1707), to establish a methodological basis and general scope for the entire dissertation. Game texts, for the sake of my discussion, is an umbrella term referring to literary quotes and other texts inscribed on game equipment, games whose default goal is to read the literary texts successfully, and texts as a notation system to record and reenact games. I parse the ways in which texts join to shape games, as well as the reading experience could be gamified through the manipulations of graphs and forms. I then advance to explore a series of interplays between games and texts, ranging from dice/domino manuals where literary quotes are paired with dot patterns, a game of reading rendered as a screen image represented with graphs, to a weiqi notation system using words to translate the moves. All three cases, as I demonstrate, subvert a common sense that texts prescribe meanings; rather, yi 意 (literally, meaning), could be appropriated to connect and “enliven” the lifeless dots, be triggered when the texts form the image of an object, and be disordered automatically once a game is enacted. Through varied graphic, formal, and sentence-level innovations, games, I argue, have been turned into an active training ground for both historical readers and us literary scholars alike to learn new possibilities of making sense of the texts, thus encouraging us to redefine what “reading” itself means in early modern China.
Presenter: Jiayi Chen is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations at the University of Chicago, with a concentration on early modern Chinese literature. Her dissertation studies the interplay between games, literature, and reading experience, as well as their relationship to print and theater cultures in China from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries.
Discussant: Elvin Meng is a joint PhD student in the Department of Comparative Literature and the Department of East Asian Languages & Civilizations at the University of Chicago. His research interests include East Asian & European thought, media history & theory, translation, Manchu studies, history of linguistics & mathematics, and modernism.