East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society

April 16, 2017
by yxz
0 comments

April 18, Li Dong, “Paths to Professionalization: Medical and legal experts in early twentieth-century China.”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

 Paths to Professionalization: Medical and legal experts in early twentieth-century China.”

Li Dong

PhD student, Department of Sociology

University of Chicago

4:30-6:00 p.m., Tuesday, April 18, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Abstract

During this workshop session, I will be discussing my dissertation project. It is a comparative study of the emergence of two modern professions, law and medicine, in late Qing and early Republican China. As my work attempts to identify and explain the causes for two distinct models of professionalization in a late-developing context, it will touch upon issues such as the rise of university education in China, the early waves of Chinese students studying abroad, the first Chinese professional associations, the efforts towards state building in law and healthcare, and the various forms of professional competition.

About the Speakers

Li Dong is a 5th year PhD student in the Department of Sociology at University of Chicago. He is interested in sociology of professions and organizational studies, among others.

* To see the full Spring 2017 schedule, please visit: Spring Schedule

 

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology),  Dali Yang (Political Science),  and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

 

 

April 10, 2017
by yxz
0 comments

April 11, Jianxiong Ge, “Chinese Culture: Its characteristics and historical backgrounds”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

 “Chinese Culture: Its characteristics and historical backgrounds” (in Chinese)

中国文化的历史地理基础

Jianxiong Ge (葛剑雄)

Professor, Institute of Chinese Historical Geography

Fudan University

4:30-6:00 p.m., Tuesday, April 11, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Introduction

The distinguished Chinese scholar Jianxiong Ge will be visiting the University of Chicago and giving a talk at the East Asia Workshop about China’s historical and cultural changes of the longue durée. This talk will provide the audience with a grasp of the Chinese culture from the perspective of time and space. Please note that the presentation will be given in Chinese.

About the Speaker

Professor Jianxiong Ge is a senior professor of Fudan University who is specializing in Chinese history, population and migration history, and cultural history. He is also the author of Population History of China, History of Migration in China, Unification, and Separation: Perspective of Chinese History and other academic works. Professor Ge holds a Ph.D. degree from Fudan University.

*To see the full Spring 2017 schedule, please visit: Spring 2017

 

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), Dali Yang (Political Science), and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

 

March 28, 2017
by yxz
0 comments

April 4, Shilin Jia and Linzhuo Li, “New Wine in Old Bottles: Ideological Creation of Market in China’s People’s Daily, 1946-2003”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

 

 New Wine in Old Bottles: Ideological Creation of Market in China’s People’s Daily, 1946-2003”

 

Shilin Jia and Linzhuo Li

PhD students, Department of Sociology

University of Chicago

4:30-6:00 p.m., Tuesday, April 4, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Abstract

How could a new ideological regime be established upon and finally substitutes lasting old ideas, institutions, and culture that tend to have strong inertia to persist? For example, one of the most surprising transformations in the 20th century was China’s embrace of market economy under the leadership of a communist party. Such long-term ideological transformations haven’t been analyzed in a systematic way. In this study, we attempt to answer how these transformations could have happened by applying computational content analysis to the full text of the communist party’s mouthpiece, the People’s Daily, from 1946 to 2003. Various exploratory techniques were applied to analyze changing patterns in word frequencies and word embedding spaces in 58 years of newspaper articles. We found that, first, there was persistent path dependency in the party state’s ideology, especially in the economic domain. After the Cultural Revolution, except one or two historical junctures, the party state’s official rhetoric, in the grand scheme, had moved in a very smooth and linear fashion in almost all the time. Second, the transformation was initiated in the late 1970s by first utilizing some existing 1950s repertoires. Third, after some unsuccessful ’trial and error’ in the 1980s, the concept of “market economy” was finally settled down in the mid-1990s in a safe harbor under the main scheme of “socialist reform”. Our methods are useful to detect less-known historical junctures and our findings furthers a Weberian understanding that ideology and culture should be viewed as a semi-autonomous social sphere that interact with other social processes with its own logic.

In the first half of this talk, we’ll introduce the general usefulness of our data analytic techniques in getting rich information from the huge corpus of 58 years of People’s Daily articles. We’ll spend the second half discussing the main findings that are particularly pertinent to our research interest.

About the Speakers

Shilin Jia is a 3rd year PhD student in the Department of Sociology at University of Chicago. He is interested in applying computational methods to studying macro social-historical change and modeling large-scale stochastic social processes in time.

Linzhuo Li is a 3rd year PhD student in the Sociology Department at the University of Chicago. His research interests are mostly related to various kinds of “substitutions”: evolvement of local financial system, reform of credit unions in China, dynamics of online ideology groups and transformation of ideology.

*To learn more about the full Spring 2017 schedule, please visit: Spring Schedule

 

 

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology),  Dali Yang (Political Science),  and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences.

 

 

March 28, 2017
by yxz
0 comments

Spring 2017 Schedule

EAST ASIA WORKSHOP: POLITICS, ECONOMY & SOCIETY

Spring 2017 Workshop Schedule

April 4

“New Wine in Old Bottles: Ideological creation of market in the People’s Daily, 1946-2003”

Shinlin Jia and Linzhuo Li

PhD Students, Department of Sociology

University of Chicago

 

April 11

Special China Session: “Chinese Culture: Its characteristics and historical backgrounds” (in Chinese)

Jianxiong Ge (葛剑雄)

Professor, Institute of Chinese Historical Geography

Fudan University

 

April 18

TBD

Li Dong

PhD student, Department of Sociology

University of Chicago

 

April 25

Book-Reading Session: “The Souls of China: The return of religion after Mao.”

(Co-hosted with The Seminary Co-op Bookstores)

Ian Johnson

Pulitzer-Prize winning writer

Accredited China correspondent for The New York Times

 

May 2

“Switching sides: Market transition and job-referring in China.”

Elena Obukhova

Assistant Professor, Desautels Faculty of Management

McGill University

 

May 16

“Escaping the interpersonal power game: Social interaction between customers and sales agents in online shopping”

Xiaoli Tian

Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology

University of Hong Kong

May 30

“Perceived Threat and Welfare Distribution in Rural China”

In Hyee Hwang

PhD Candidate, Department of Political Science

University of Chicago

Unless otherwise stated, the East Asia Workshop meets on Every Tuesday 4:30-6 pm at Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Avenue. This workshop features interdisciplinary scholarship addressing topics relating to social, political, economic and cultural matters in East Asia. Our presenters come from different disciplines like sociology, political science, economics, history, and so on.

Faculty Sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology),  Dali Yang (Political Science),  and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences.

 

March 6, 2017
by yxz
0 comments

March 7, Wan-Zi Lu, “Structure or Fracture Political Loyalty: Explaining Continuity and Change of Single-Party Support”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents 

 Structure or Fracture Political Loyalty: Explaining Continuity and Change of Single-Party Support”

 

Wan-Zi Lu

PhD student, Department of Sociology

University of Chicago

4:30-6:00 p.m., Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Abstract

Enduring single-party support has been asserted to weaken as traditional societies transition to modern democracy. However, this assertion fails to recognize the influence from the legacies of former regimes and intergroup relations on each community as a whole. Identifying the importance of relational factors in shaping political loyalty, recent studies argue that party identification is mobilized by community leaders. This study shows that the types of community leadership establish different experiences during democratization, processes during which single-party support appears more likely to fracture in some communities but not in others. To account for durable electoral anomaly of Taiwan’s indigenous communities, where single-party support prevails in spite of common party competition across non-aboriginal constituencies, the study assesses the relationship between the types of authority structures and the durability of single-party support. These aboriginal communities are organized by one of two possible authority structures – chief and big man, contrasted by the nature of power inheritance. Accordingly, the two structures differ in the stability of communal leadership, political opportunities for contenders, resistance to competing institutions, and solidarity in the face of exogenous shocks.

To compare the various degree of party competition among the aboriginal societies, the author primarily conducts ethnographic work and interviews in indigenous tribes. Among indigenous communities where inherited hierarchy decides social prestige (i.e. chief villages), chiefs and headmen have retained their impact on contemporary politics. However, indigenous communities without centralized and inherited leadership (i.e. big man villages) have prevalent cleavages; as competing institutions and exogenous shocks magnify these cleavages and offer channels for rivalry parties to mobilize votes, villagers shift away from the single-party identification. Regression analyses additionally support these findings and suggests generalizable patterns of structural durability.

About the Speaker

Wan-Zi Lu is a third-year PhD student in the Department of Sociology. Her research interests include political sociology and economic sociology. During the past years, she has studied the party identification and the economic transition of the indigenous peoples in Taiwan.

*To learn more about the full Winter 2017 schedule, please visit: Winter Schedule

 

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology),  Dali Yang (Political Science), and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

 

 

February 17, 2017
by yxz
0 comments

February 23, Thomas Dubois, “Opiate of the Masses with Chinese Characteristics”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

 “Opiate of the Masses with Chinese Characteristics – Interpreting China’s Religion Policy”

Thomas DuBois

Associate Professor, College of Asia and the Pacific.

Australian National University

4:30-6:00p.m., Thursday, February 23, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Abstract

Late in 2016, China released its newly revised Religious Affairs Law, which was immediately panned by critics as an aggressive intrusion into protected religious freedoms. In fact, the law is hardly new. It is consistent with the very specific way that the Communist Party has interpreted religious freedoms in the decades since the 1982 promulgation of “Basic Ideas and Policies Concerning Our Country’s Religious Question in the Socialist Era” initiated a more apparently tolerant stance. The talk traces the development of Chinese religion policy over three decades, closing with a discussion of the new law, and the recent rapprochement between China and the Vatican.

About the Speaker

Thomas DuBois is a historian of modern China.  His research focuses on Chinese religion and society, with a particular interest in northeast China. His publications include Sacred Village: Social Change and Religious Life in Rural North China (Hawaii, 2005), Casting Faiths: Imperialism and the Transformation of Religion in East and Southeast Asia (Palgrave, 2009), Religion and the Making of Modern East Asia (Cambridge, 2011), and most recently, Empire and the Meaning of Religion in Northeast Asia: Manchuria 1900-1945 (Cambridge, 2017). His research has also been featured in the Huffington Post and New York Times. Prof. DuBois received his undergraduate degree from University of Chicago and Ph.D. from UCLA.

* To learn more about our Winter program, please look at: Winter Schedule

 

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology),  Dali Yang (Political Science), and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


This particular East Asia Workshop event is sponsored by the Committee on Chinese Studies at the Center for East Asian Studies and East Asian Languages and Civilizations. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

 

February 17, 2017
by yxz
0 comments

February 21, Dingxin Zhao, “Social change of the Longue Duree”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

 Social Change of the Longue Duree: A theory and its application”

Dingxin Zhao

Max Palevsky Professor, Department of Sociology

University of Chicago

4:30-6:00p.m., Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Abstract

This talk presents a general theory of social change proposed in my new book “Confucian-Legalist State.” The theory is based on the premise that human nature has political, ideological, territorial and economic aspects, and humans compete for dominance and try to institutionalize the gains along these aspects. The bulk of the theory is to analyze how each of the four aspects of human nature has given rise to distinctive mechanisms and institutions shaping the contours of history. The empirical implications of the theory will be illustrated by the patterns of the world history, particularly the premodern history of China and Europe. More specifically, I will try to explain why China was able to achieve a unified and bureaucratic empire in the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BCE), and why the imperial/cultural structure emerging during the Qin and Han Dynasties showed great resilience, despite the challenges brought by nomadic conquests, population growth, technological changes, commercial growth, the rise of new ideas and religions, up until the rise of the West in the 19th century.

About the Speaker

Professor Dingxin Zhao is Max Palevsky Professor of Sociology at the University of Chicago. He is interested in political sociology broadly defined, as well as comparative historical sociology, sociology of emotion, ecological sociology, sociological theory and methodology. Prof. Zhao is the author of The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement, and most recently: The Confucian-Legalist State: A New Theory of Chinese History.  Prof. Zhao holds a B.A. from Fudan University, a Ph.D. in Entomology and also a Ph.D. in Sociology from McGill University.

* To learn more about our Winter program, please look at: Winter Schedule

 

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), Dali Yang (Political Science), and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

 

 

February 8, 2017
by yxz
0 comments

February 14, Wei Shen, “Interplay between Centralized Judicial Control and Local Protectionism”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

 Interplay between Centralized Judicial Control and Local Protectionism

Empirical Study of China Supreme People’s Court’s Decisions

on Non-enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (1995-2015)”

Wei Shen

Dean and Professor of Law, Law School

Shandong University

4:30-6:00 p.m., Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Abstract

In an effort to fight against local protectionism in court enforcement proceedings, China’s Supreme People’s Court promulgated its Notice on Relevant Issues Pertaining to the People’s Court Handling Foreign and Foreign-Related Arbitration in 1995. Pursuant to this Notice, China’s Intermediate People’s Courts will have to wait until the Supreme People’s Court’s approval of its decision not to enforce any foreign or foreign-related arbitral award. However, the effectiveness of this internal reporting mechanism in constraining local protectionism has never been empirically tested. This empirical study, based on 98 publicly available non-enforcement reply opinions rendered by China’s Supreme People’s Court to lower courts after those lower courts have made and reported preliminary non-enforcement decisions up to the Supreme People’s Court, analyzes whether these non-enforcement decisions have shown any pattern of local protectionism. Although statistical results do not suggest that local protectionism has been a major barrier hindering effective enforcement of foreign or foreign-related arbitral awards in China, we argue that this internal reporting system may also serve other functions. For instance, it provides an alternative tool to reinforce judicial oversight in spite of China’s weak appellant system. At the same time, the Chinese government seems to rely on this internal reporting system to achieve important policy goals. In this sense, analyzing the functionality of this internal reporting system offers us insights of the role top-level judicial control could play China without an independent court system.

About the Speaker

Professor Shen is a Global Professor of Law at New York University School of Law, an associate member of the International Academy of Comparative Law, a member of Moody’s China Academic Advisory Panel, and an Honorary Fellow of Asian Institute of International Financial Law, University of Hong Kong, and has been included in Marquis Who’s Who (2011 onwards). Professor Shen is also a leading expert on international commercial arbitration. He is an arbitrator with Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre, Singapore International Arbitration Centre, Shanghai International Arbitration Centre, among others.

Professor Shen authored seven books, the most recent of which are Shadow Banking in China: Risk, Regulation and Policy (Edward Elgar 2016), and Chinese Business Law: Narrative and Commentary (Wolters Kluwer 2016).  He also serves as an editor of multiple journals, including the Chinese Journal of International Law (SSCI, Oxford University Press) and Journal of East Asia and International Law (SSCI).

Prior to teaching at the law school, Professor Shen practiced in major US and UK firms in Shanghai, Chicago and Hong Kong for a decade. Professor Shen holds a PhD from London School of Economics and Political Science and L.L.M from University of Cambridge and University of Michigan.

* Our full Winter 2017 schedule is available at: Winter Schedule 

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology), Dali Yang (Political Science), and Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences and Center for East Asian Studies. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

February 5, 2017
by yxz
0 comments

February 7, Rory Truex, “Authoritarian Gridlock? Haste and Delay in the Chinese Legislative System.”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

Authoritarian Gridlock? Haste and Delay in the Chinese Legislative System.”

Rory Truex

Assistant Professor, Department of Politics and Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.

Princeton University

4:30-6:00 p.m., Tuesday, February 7, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Abstract

Policy gridlock is often viewed as a uniquely democratic phenomenon. The checks and balances that produce gridlock are absent from authoritarian systems, leading many observers to romanticize “authoritarian efficiency” and policy dynamism. This paper develops a theory that relates authoritarian policy change to the presence of “soft vetoes” within the ruling coalition and citizen attention shocks. A unique law-level dataset from the Chinese case shows that roughly one third of laws are not passed within the period specified in legislative plans, and about 10% of laws take over ten years to pass. Qualitative analysis of China’s Food Safety Law, coupled with shadow case studies of two other laws, demonstrates the plausibility of the theory.

About the Speaker

Rory Truex is Assistant Professor of Politics and Public Affairs. His research focuses on Chinese politics and theories of authoritarian rule. His book Making Autocracy Work: Representation and Responsiveness in Modern China investigates the nature of representation in authoritarian systems, specifically the politics surrounding China’s National People’s Congress. His research has also been featured in the Wall Street Journal and New York Times. Currently, Prof. Truex is working on a new project exploring whether Chinese citizens believe state-controlled newspapers, the temporal determinants of dissident behavior and crackdowns, and new ways to measure public opinion. Prof. Truex received his undergraduate degree from Princeton in 2007 and Ph.D. in political science from Yale in 2014.

*To see the full Winter 2017 schedule: Winter Schedule

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology) Dali Yang (Political Science) Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


This particular East Asia Workshop event is sponsored by the Committee on Chinese Studies at the Center for East Asian Studies and with support from a Title VI National Resource Center Grant from the United States Department of Education. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

 

February 5, 2017
by yxz
0 comments

January 24, Linzhuo Li, “Politics Beyond the Ocean: Ideological upheaval and community metabolism in China’s cyber space”

East Asia Workshop: Politics, Economy and Society presents

  Politics Beyond the Ocean: Ideological upheaval and community metabolism in China’s cyber space”

Linzhuo Li

PhD student, Department of Sociology

University of Chicago

4:30-6:00p.m., Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Pick Lounge, 5828 South University Ave.

*Light refreshments will be served*

Abstract

This research analyzes the political debates of U.S. Presidential Election on “Zhihu”, one of China’s top online knowledge sharing communities and aims to explain why the dominant voices in the community turned from pro-liberal before the election to pro-conservative after. Using community detection methods, the research discovers three ideologically distinct groups: pro-liberal, pro-conservative, and mixed-nationalism. The research also finds that the ideological divergence corresponds with user’s community status. The pro-liberal group is mainly of “big VIP” users, featuring a friendship network while the pro-conservative group has mostly ordinary users, featuring a mobilization network. Finally, by tracing the interactions among key answerers and their user life histories, the research tries to form an explanation based on community politics and user metabolism to understand this online political upheaval.

About the Speaker

Linzhuo Li is a 3rd year PhD student in the Department of Sociology. He is interested in using network analysis and content analysis to understand dynamics of online community. He is also interested in sociology of finance, especially about local financial transformation in China, a project that may take him several years to finish. In addition, he is currently also involved in a computational content analysis project, with his colleague Shilin Jia, tracking changing economic rhetoric in 60 years of the People’s Daily.

*To see the full Winter 2017 schedule: Winter Schedule

Faculty sponsors:

Xi Song (Sociology) Dali Yang (Political Science) Dingxin Zhao (Sociology)


The East Asia Workshop is sponsored by the Council on Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Persons with disabilities who believe they may need assistance please contact the student coordinator in advance.

 

 

Skip to toolbar